LASSA FEVER

By berrysmotivation - January 20, 2016

YET ANOTHER SCARE


Just barely months ago we celebrated the complete eradication of EBOLA from West Africa, a similar virus creeps into our environment. Yes LASSA FEVER has come but it hasn't come to stay. 

While many may ignore its fact, some have already taken precautionary measures, bringing back their Ebola kits and trying to remind themselves of all they learnt during the Ebola pandemic.

I wanted to ignore doing  a post on Lassa fever as I know so many blogs and media outlets have mentioned all that there is to it but when a man walked into the clinic this morning with what looked like a rat bite on one of his toes I realized that information is never too much.

what is LASSA FEVER?

Lassa fever is an acute viral hemorrhagic illness caused by Lassa virus, a member of the arena-virus family of viruses. It is transmitted to humans from contacts with food or household items contaminated with rodent excreta. The disease is endemic in the rodent population in parts of West Africa.


CAUSE and HOW IT CAN BE TRANSMITTED.


We cannot ignore the fact that 1 in 5 homes have or would have encountered this cute little creature visiting without invites and basically overstaying its welcome. Like the definition says. Lassa fever is caused by the urine or feaces of rodents contaminating food items.
It can be transmitted from person to person by coming in contact with body secretions, blood, urine or feaces of someone infected with Lassa fever.

For health workers it can be transmitted by contaminated medical equipment.  SEXUAL transmission has been reported by WHO( world health organisation)


SYMPTOMS OF LASSA FEVER.

It can be asymptomatic. When it is symptomatic, it's usually gradual, starting with fever, general weakness, and malaise. After a few days, headache, sore throat, muscle pain, chest pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, cough, and abdominal pain may follow. In severe cases facial swelling, fluid in the lung cavity, bleeding from the mouth, nose, vagina or gastrointestinal tract and low blood pressure may develop. Shock, seizures, tremor, disorientation, and coma may be seen in the later stages. 
Death usually occurs within 14 days of onset in fatal cases.
Pregnant Women are also at great risk as it is extremely fatal especially in the third trimester.
HOW IS IT DIAGNOSED?
It is usually diagnosed by the symptoms but best in the laboratory.
CAN IT BE TREATED?
Yes it can, with the antiviral drug RIBAVIRIN.
CAN IT BE PREVENTED?
WHO(world health organisation) says no vaccine has been produced to prevent Lassa fever.
Prevention is simply good hygiene not just in our homes but our environment. What I have noticed with people is that they rather clean their internal environment and care less about the environment/surrounding "after all i'm not the only one that lives here".   Well one thing to note is that these rodents don't come from your bedroom but come from these same neglected environment then it finds a comfort zone in your bedroom or kitchen
Like I knew when I did the new year post, I remember mentioning getting rid of clusters, these rats love clusters and would immediately create a home or food out of these clusters so yes start with your environment, keep it clean and tidy, throw garbage far away from your homes, report full sewage tanks.
Don't forget your personal hygiene, practice regular hand washing and sanitizing and most importantly store food in rodent proof containers. 
If caring for a sick person avoid contact with body fluid, blood etc.
As we fight to stop the spread of LASSA fever don't forget that it starts from you.
Stay safe and healthy lets live happy this year.
                                  With Love DR MUTE'
                
                                berrys~motivation.....x
















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